Foreign Policy Quiz

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Question 1
Which factor contributes to global interdependence?

A
Nations seeking to protect their wealth and resources.
B
Nations needing resources that cannot be found within their own borders.
C
Locally-produced goods and resources are usually less expensive than imports.
D
All of the above.
Question 1 Explanation: 
Industries require resources to produce goods and provide services. Some key resources can only be found in certain environments. As a result, nations trade with each other to gain access.
Question 2
Which term refers to a government representative responsible for interacting with the representatives of other nations?

A
Foreign national
B
Refugee
C
Diplomat
D
Dictator
Question 2 Explanation: 
Diplomats are essential to communication between nations. They often speak on behalf of their nations to facilitate peace, trade, and cooperation. Diplomats also convey sensitive messages between governments.
Question 3
What is the primary role of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)?

A
Supporting or promoting a particular cause.
B
Serving as an independent military force.
C
Conducting trade free from international restrictions.
D
Dismantling governments and creating independent territories.
Question 3 Explanation: 
NGOs use donations and volunteers to promote a global cause or support a need without government support. NGOs are usually charitable organizations, but some promote religious, political, or economic goals.
Question 4
The United Nations has which authority over its member nations?

A
All the powers of an independent state.
B
The military authority to make peace and declare war but no economic power.
C
The authority to tax and regulate trade but no military power.
D
No formal power over its member nations.
Question 4 Explanation: 
One of the major criticisms of the United Nations is that it lacks any enforceable authority over its member nations. This lack of power, however, helps ensure that it remains an inclusive forum to share ideas, discuss cooperation and respond to global issues.
Question 5
What is the main goal of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?

A
Creating a favorable trade alliance between member nations.
B
Providing a common military defense and promoting peace between member nations.
C
Providing a common military defense and promoting peace between member nations.
D
Helping developing nations gain access to resources and capital.
Question 5 Explanation: 
NATO comprises 29 member nations in North America and Europe. The agreement helps deter aggression from outside nations by considering an assault on one member nation as an attack on the entire alliance.
Question 6
Which international organization provides medical care?

A
World Health Organization
B
International Committee of the Red Cross
C
Peace Corps
D
All of the above
Question 6 Explanation: 
All three organizations deal with health and medical care issues. The World Health Organization is an arm of the United Nations focused on preventing disease and promoting improved standards of health. The International Committee of the Red Cross helps coordinate aid groups from around the world to bring aid to victims of war and natural disasters. The Peace Corps has a broad charge of promoting peace around the world that includes addressing public health issues.
Question 7
A country that withdraws from all world affairs is following a policy of:

A
Non-interventionism
B
Repression
C
Isolationism
D
Reconciliation
Question 7 Explanation: 
Isolationism is a policy of trying to isolate one's country from the affairs of all the other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic agreements, and other international agreements. Isolationists generally favor economic nationalism.

Non-interventionism is the policy of avoiding alliances with other nations, but still retaining free trade and open diplomacy. Non-interventionists believe that that a state should not interfere in the internal politics and internal policies of another state.

Isolationists and non-interventionists both seek to avoid all wars unless they are related to direct self-defense.
Question 8
Which federal agency leads most American foreign policy decisions?

A
The Department of Homeland Security
B
The State Department
C
The Treasury Department
D
The Department of Transportation
Question 8 Explanation: 
The United States Department of State facilitates relationships, agreements, and treaties with foreign nations. The Secretary of State heads the department and is a Senate-confirmed member of the president’s cabinet.
Question 9
What is the primary role of the United States Foreign Service?

A
Establishing and maintaining American embassies in foreign countries
B
Using military force to quell human rights violations
C
Infiltrating foreign intelligence networks
D
None of the above
Question 9 Explanation: 
The U.S. Foreign Service comprises over 15,000 individuals including ambassadors, diplomats and other agents. They create and staff American embassies in foreign nations to help carry out the foreign policies of the United States.
Question 10
Which agency gathers and analyzes national security information from international sources?

A
The Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI)
B
The National Security Agency (NSA)
C
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
D
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Question 10 Explanation: 
The CIA is America’s primary source of international information and analysis. It coordinates human intelligence gatherers, analysts, technicians and a tactical division. The CIA cannot act as a law enforcement body despite falling under the authority of the executive branch.
Question 11
Which negotiation type involves several nations?

A
Unilateral negotiation
B
Bilateral negotiation
C
Multilateral negotiation
D
Anterolateral negotiation
Question 11 Explanation: 
Multilateral negotiations involve more than two parties. They are difficult to complete because reaching a consensus becomes increasingly difficult as more participants get involved. When successful, however, multilateral negotiations lead to more effective results.
Question 12
Which foreign policy system relies on superior military strength to prevent attacks?

A
Good neighbor policy
B
Deterrence
C
Collective security
D
Cold war
Question 12 Explanation: 
Deterrence is an effective way of using a large military force to promote peace. It relies on the principle that nations will not engage with a military vastly superior to their own. The United States employs deterrence to reduce the threat of foreign attacks.
Question 13
Which foreign policy system interprets an attack on one nation as an attack on all participating nations?

A
International defense
B
Security council
C
Defense coalition
D
Collective security
Question 13 Explanation: 
Collective security is in theory a powerful force in promoting peace and deterring aggression. When one member state is harmed all member states are obliged to respond. It can be difficult in practice, however, for the states involved to sustain the wide range of commitments and support required.
Question 14
What is the justification for diplomatic immunity, the protection from suit or prosecution given to diplomats while in their host countries?

A
It is a symbolic gesture because diplomats seldom commit crimes
B
It ensures diplomats can maintain government relations without fear of being detained or otherwise interfered with
C
It ensures diplomats can serve in espionage-related capacities
D
All of the above
Question 14 Explanation: 
Diplomatic immunity became international law as a part of the 1961 Vienna Convention. Although it allows diplomats a sense of security, there are cases where it does not apply or can be waived by a diplomat’s home country.
Question 15
What is the primary goal of the World Bank?

A
Reducing poverty
B
Providing economic investment opportunities to strengthen the most powerful nations
C
Providing a safe haven for nations to store and protect their money
D
Helping manage international currency exchange rates.
Question 15 Explanation: 
The World Bank is an international institution that seeks to reduce poverty globally by facilitating investments that support developing nations. The loans, training and guidance offered by the World Bank help reduce poverty in low- to middle-income nations.
Question 16
Which term refers to tactics that nations can use to influence each other without the threat of military action?

A
Cultural relativism
B
Soft power
C
Unilateral accords
D
Hard power
Question 16 Explanation: 
Soft power is the ability to shape the preferences of others through appeal and attraction. Nations sometimes use trade, economic assistance, culture, and education rather than the threat of military force (hard power) to shape another nation’s attitudes and preferences. This is a nuanced and delicate strategy that can be highly effective in achieving diplomatic goals.
Question 17
Which term refers to an action taken by one country or alliance against another?

A
Interposition
B
Alienation
C
Sanction
D
Audit
Question 17 Explanation: 
There are several types of sanctions one government can impose on another. These actions are typically in retaliation for or to discourage specific actions of another state.
Question 18
Which action would be considered an economic sanction?

A
The United States refusing to loan money to Iranian businesses as punishment for the inhumane treatment of a journalist by the Iranian government.
B
China pulling its national basketball team from a competition in Spain to demonstrate frustration with a Spanish tariff on Chinese goods.
C
Mexico sending military forces into Panama to recover stolen funds from a Panamanian bank.
D
Russia expelling all Iraqi diplomats from the country in a dispute over oil prices.
Question 18 Explanation: 
An economic sanction employs restrictions on trade and/or financial transactions as a penalty for perceived military, political, humanitarian, economic or social violations. These sanctions most often involve limiting arms sales or making certain goods cost prohibitive for a government and its people.
Question 19
Which action would be considered a diplomatic sanction?

A
France closing the Venezuelan embassy in Paris after the capture of a suspected Venezuelan spy.
B
Egypt using its air force to impose a no-fly-zone in Jordan’s air space in response to a missile launch.
C
Canada adding a 35% tax on all lumber exports to Cuba after a Cuban diplomat was caught attempting to rob a Canadian bank.
D
The United Nations declaring Ecuador in violation of international law and calling for a Security Council session to discuss retaliation.
Question 19 Explanation: 
Diplomatic sanctions typically involve action against embassies, diplomats or other foreign nationals on foreign soil. By removing or reducing another nation’s diplomatic presence they convey that relations are fractured which has decreased the perceived value of diplomacy.
Question 20
Which action would be considered a military sanction?

A
The United States refusing to export lumber to North Korea until it shuts down its nuclear program.
B
England using a special forces unit to disable a Russian communications facility suspected of spying on British citizens.
C
South Africa ending financial support to Sudan to express displeasure with the Sudanese government’s handling of its civil war.
D
India forcing out Argentinian religious missionaries after Indian scientists were deported from Argentina.
Question 20 Explanation: 
Military sanctions can involve direct military action or an effort to undermine a nation’s military capabilities. They include targeted strikes as well as arms embargoes which are meant to cut off the supply of weapons to a country. An arms embargo can be classified as both a military and an economic sanction.
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