Amendments Quiz

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Question 1
The Eleventh Amendment prohibits:

A
The production, transport, and sale of alcohol
B
Involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
C
Citizens from a US state or foreign nation from suing another US state in federal court
D
Changes in congressional salaries from taking effect until after the subsequent election in the House of Representatives
Question 1 Explanation: 
The Supreme Court's 1793 ruling in Chisholm v. Georgia upheld the authority of citizens from one state to bring suits against other states in federal court. Members of Congress did not approve of this ruling and passed the the 11th Amendment which established the principle of state sovereign immunity.
Question 2
What process does the Twelfth Amendment define?

A
The election of the President and Vice President
B
Supreme Court involvement in local trials
C
Congressional elections
D
The U.S. Census
Question 2 Explanation: 
The Twelfth Amendment addressed some serious problems with the original process for the election of the two top executive branch positions. Most significantly, it cleaned up the election process by requiring separate Electoral College ballots for the President and Vice-President. Previously, the position of Vice President was granted to the second-place finisher in the presidential election.
Question 3
The Thirteenth Amendment prohibits:

A
The production of alcoholic beverages
B
Torture
C
Slavery
D
Political patronage
Question 3 Explanation: 
Ratified in 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment is the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments. It bans slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
Question 4
What does the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment guarantee?

A
States that left the Union during the Civil War can rejoin the United States.
B
All citizens are entitled to equal protection under the law.
C
Women are guaranteed equal rights to men, including the right to vote.
D
Formerly enslaved Americans will be given reparations, including money and land.
Question 4 Explanation: 
The Fourteenth Amendment more clearly defines American citizenship and declares that every citizen is afforded equal and fair protection under the law. One of the reasons it was enacted was the lack of equal protection provided in states that had Black Codes. Black Codes were laws passed to suppress the new freedom of emancipated African Americans. The Fourteenth Amendment was ratified, in part, to remedy these injustices.
Question 5
The Fifteenth Amendment makes it illegal to deny a person the right to vote based upon __________.

A
Citizenship
B
Gender
C
Race
D
Birthplace
Question 5 Explanation: 
Building upon the Fourteenth Amendment, the Fifteenth Amendment specifically addresses racially motivated rules and restrictions to impede African Americans from voting. It states that the right of citizens to vote will not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Question 6
The Sixteenth Amendment established which of the following?

A
New federal election laws
B
A federal income tax
C
A balanced budget requirement
D
The right for women to enlist in the military
Question 6 Explanation: 
The Sixteenth Amendment made it legal for the federal government to collect tax revenue on the incomes of people and corporations. The Amendment also affirms that the federal government is under no obligation to proportionally divide this revenue among the states.
Question 7
How did the Seventeenth Amendment change the democratic election process?

A
It abolished the Electoral College and established direct election of the President.
B
It established the direct election of senators.
C
It established the direct election of Supreme Court justices.
D
All of the above.
Question 7 Explanation: 
Before 1913, state legislatures elected the senators to Congress as outlined in Article I of the Constitution. The Seventeenth Amendment grants the people direct election of senators.
Question 8
What amendment guarantees women’s right to vote?

A
The Eighteenth Amendment
B
The Nineteenth Amendment
C
The Twentieth Amendment
D
The Twenty-first Amendment
Question 8 Explanation: 
The Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920 and guarantees women’s right to vote in all federal, state, and local elections.
Question 9
The 20th Amendment moved the beginning of the terms of the President and Vice President from March 4 to __________, and of Members of Congress from March 4 to __________.

A
January 3, January 3
B
January 20, January 20
C
January 20, January 3
D
January 3, January 20
Question 9 Explanation: 
The long delay between November elections and March terms created a 4-month "lame duck" period. The term "lame duck" describes an official whose successor has already been elected. The official has less influence due to their limited time left in office, and governing can be difficult. This was especially problematic in times of crisis such as the beginning of the Civil War and the Great Depression.
Question 10
The Twenty-first Amendment repealed what act of the Eighteenth Amendment?

A
The establishment of a federal income tax
B
The establishment of an Electoral College system
C
The setting of Congressional term limits
D
The prohibition of alcoholic beverages
Question 10 Explanation: 
The Eighteenth Amendment prohibited the production, sale, and transport of alcoholic drinks in the United States. Prohibition led to a booming black-market and a rise in organized crime. The Twenty-first Amendment repealed Prohibition in 1933, largely because it was unpopular and difficult to enforce.
Question 11
Which President’s term motivated the Twenty-second Amendment?

A
Theodore Roosevelt
B
Franklin D. Roosevelt
C
Richard Nixon
D
John F. Kennedy
Question 11 Explanation: 
The Twenty-second Amendment limits presidents to two terms in office. While the precedent set by George Washington to not seek reelection to a third term had followed for decades, Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to four terms.
Question 12
How did the Twenty-third Amendment modify the process for presidential elections?

A
It granted African-Americans the right to vote.
B
It granted women the right to vote.
C
It granted legal aliens the right to vote.
D
It granted the citizens of Washington D.C. the right to vote.
Question 12 Explanation: 
Prior to 1961, citizens of the nation’s capital did not vote for the executive branch positions of President and Vice President. The Twenty-third Amendment granted Washington D.C. Electoral College electors in accordance with the same population-based formula as the rest of the United States.
Question 13
The Twenty-fourth Amendment abolishes what limit on voting rights?

A
Reading tests
B
Race
C
Poll taxes
D
Citizenship
Question 13 Explanation: 
The Twenty-fourth Amendment bans the collection of poll taxes, which were used in some states to block both African Americans and poor white voters from voting.
Question 14
The Twenty-fifth Amendment established procedures for:

A
Setting congressional salaries
B
Filling vacancies in the presidency and/or vice presidency
C
Impeachment
D
Issuing executive orders
Question 14 Explanation: 
The Twenty-fifth Amendment clarifies the issue of executive succession and details the circumstances and process by which the Vice President can assume the Presidency.
Question 15
How did the Twenty-sixth Amendment change voting rights?

A
It grants American citizens 18 years of age or older the right to vote.
B
It grants American citizens ,regardless of race or gender, the right to vote.
C
It grants citizens of all American-controlled territories the right to vote in presidential elections.
D
It grants American soldiers the ability to submit absentee ballots.
Question 15 Explanation: 
Before 1971, the voting age in many states was 21.
Question 16
Who first proposed the Twenty-seventh Amendment?

A
George Washington in his Farewell Address.
B
James Madison in 1789.
C
Thomas Paine in Common Sense.
D
None of the above.
Question 16 Explanation: 
The Twenty-seventh Amendment established that should Congress vote to change their pay, it would not go into effect until after the next election. James Madison proposed the idea in 1789, but it was not ratified into the Constitution until 1991.
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